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(Please consult with your own marja for further clarification on rulings.)


 

 

The following is based on the Opinion of Al-Sayyid Ali Sistani

 

NIYYAT FOR FASTING.

Fasting means that you must, in obedience to the commands of Allah, from the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers up to the time of Adhan for Maghrib prayers,
It is not necessary for you to make the Niyyah for fasting through your mind or to say that I would be fasting on the following day.  It is sufficient for you to decide that in obedience to the command of Allah I will not perform from the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers up to the time of Adhan for Maghrib prayers,  any act which will invalidate the fast.
 
In order to ensure that you will be fasting throughout this time you should begin
your fast a little earlier than the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers, and break your fast a  little later after the time of Adhanfor Maghrib prayers. 

You can make Niyyah every night of the holy month of  Ramadan that you will be
fasting on the following day.  But it is better to make Niyyah on the first night of Ramadan that you will be fasting the whole month of Mahe Ramadan.

 

It is important to remember that the last time for making Niyyah to observe a
fast of Ramadan is moments before the time of Adhan for Fajr prayers.
It is, therefore, advisable to keep your Niyyah on the first night of Ramadhan that you will be fasting throughout the month of Ramadan.

It is very important to keep in mind that your Niyyah  of fasting should remain constant throughout the period of fasting.

If you are undecided in your Niyyah whether to break the fast or not, immediately your fast becomes invalid even if you do not actually break it or are repentant of your intention.

 

THINGS WHICH WILL MAKE YOUR FAST BATIL

There are eight acts which if you do will make your Fast Batil.

  1. If you eat and/or drink.
  2. If you ascribe false things to Almighty Allah,Prophet Muhammad (s.a.w.w.) and the twelve infallible Imams of Ahlul-Bayt (a.s.).
  3. If you swallow thick dust.
  4. If you take enema with liquids.
  5. If you vomit intentionally
  6. If you remain in Janabator Haidh or Nifas till the Adhan for Fajr prayers.
  7. If you indulge in sexual intercourse.
  8. If you masturbate (istimna) which means self abuse, resulting in ejaculation.
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