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Who are the 12 Imams (a.s)?

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1.   First Imam ‘Ali al-Murtada (’Alaihis-Salam wa Karramullahu Wajahu!) Father: Abu Talib bin Abdul Muttalib bin Hashim. Mother: Fatimah bint Asad bin Hashim bin Abd Munaf. Kunniyat (Patronym): Abu’l Hasan and Husayn, Abu Turab Laqab (Title): Al-Wasi, Amir al-Mu’minin Birth: He was born in the actual structure of the Ka’ba, in thirty ‘Am al-Fil (the year of the elephant). Martyrdom: He was martyred by the accursed Khwariji named ibn Muljam at Kufa during the month of Ramadan in the 40th year of Hijrah and is buried in Najaf on the outskirts of Kufa.   2.     The Second Imam Hasan (’Alaihi-Salam) Mother: Fatimah az-Zahra, the youngest daughter of the Holy Prophet Muhammad. Kunniyat: Abu Muhammad Laqab: Al-Sibt al-Kabir (the elder grandson), Al-Mujtaba. Birth: He was born in Madina in the middle of the month of Ramadhan in 3 A.H. Martyrdom: He died on the 28th of Safar in the year 50 A.H. He was buried in the graveyard of Baqi in Madina.   3.     The Third Imam Husayn (’Alaihi-Salam) Mother: Fatimah az-Zahra, the daughter of the Holy Prophet Muhammad. Kunniyat: Abu ‘Abdillah. Laqab: Al Sibt, Shahid-e-Karbala. Birth: He was born in Madina in the month of Shaban in the year 4 A.H. Martyrdom: He was martyred with his companions by the army of Yazid in the month of Muharram 61 A.H. His tomb is in Karbala, a town of Iraq.   4.     The Fourth Imam ‘Ali Zayn al-’Abidin Mother: Shahzanaan Kunniyat: Abu al-Hasan Laqab: Zayn al-’Abidin, Al Sajjad Birth: He was born in 38 A.H. in Madina. Martyrdom: He died of poison in the year 94 or 95 A.H. at Madina and is buried at Baqi near his uncle Hasan.   5.     The Fifth Imam Muhammad al-Baqir Mother: Umm Abdullah, the daughter of Imam Hasan. Kunniyat: Abu Ja’far. Laqab: Al-Baqir. Birth: He was born at Madina in the year 57 A.H. Martyrdom: He died of poisoning in Madina in 114 A.H. and is also buried at Baqi near his father.   6.     The Sixth Imam Ja’far as-Sadiq Mother: Umm Farwa, the daughter of Qasim bin Muhammad bin Abu Bakr. Kunniyat: Abu ‘Abdillah. Laqab: Al-Sadiq. Birth: He was born at Madina in 83 A.H. Martyrdom: He died of poison in 148 A.H. and is buried at Baqi near his father.   7.    The Seventh Imam Musa al-Kazim Mother: Hamidah Kunniyat: Abu al-Hasan Laqab: Al-Kazim Birth: He was born at Madina in the year 129 A.H. Martyrdom: He was poisoned in the prison of Harun al-Rashid at Baghdad in the year 183 A.H. He is buried in Kazimiyyah in Iraq.   8.     The Eighth Imam ‘Ali al-Rida Mother:Khayzran Kunniyat : Abu al-Hasan Laqab : Al-Rida Birth: He was born at Madina in 148 A.H. Martyrdom: He was poisoned in the year 203 A.H. and is buried in the Khurasan district of Iran.   9.    The Ninth Imam Muhammad Taqi Mother: Sakina Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu ‘Abdillah Laqab (Title): Al Jawad Birth: He was born at Madina in 195 A.H. Martyrdom: He died of poison at Baghdad in the year 220 A.H. and is buried near his grandfather at Kazimiyyah in Iraq.   10.  The Tenth Imam Ali al-Naqi Mother: Samana al-Maghribiya Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu al-Hasan al Askari Laqab (Title): Al-Hadi Birth: He was born at Madina in the year 212 A.H. Martyrdom: He died of poison in 254 A.H. at Samarrah (Sarmanra) in Iraq and is buried there.   11.  The Eleventh Imam Hasan al-Askari Mother: Ummul Walad – Sawsan. Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu Muhammad. Laqab (Title): Al-Askari. Birth: He was born at Samarrah in the year 232 A.H. Martyrdom: He was poisoned in 260 A.H. at Samarrah and is buried there.   12.  The Twelfth Imam Muhammad al-Mahdi (May Allah hasten his unveiling!) Mother: Ummul Walad Narjis alias Saiqal Kunniyat (Patronymic): Abu ‘Abdullah, Abu al-Qasim Laqab (Title): Al-Qaim, Al-Muntazar, Al-Khalaf, Al-Mahdi, Sahib al-zamaan. Birth: He was born at Samarrah in the year 255 A.H. He is the last Imam (a.s.) and he is alive and hidden.   All the tombs of the eleven Imams are a place of Ziyarat (holy visitation) by the believers. Four of the Imams are buried in the city of Madinah, (Saudi) Arabia. However, their tombs have been demolished by the Wahhabi fanatics along with the tombs of the wives of the Prophet and his blessed companions.]]>

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